Carbon nanotube films show promise for touchscreens

A thin film of pure carbon nanotubes produced at Rice University shows promise as a component of flexible, transparent touchscreens. (Image: Pasquali Lab/Rice University)
“I think this could be the way that high-performance transparent electrodes are made in the future,” said Pasquali, a professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering and of chemistry. “The solution is straightforward. It’s a very simple process.”
The method is scalable to high-throughput processes like slot, slide and roll coating used by industry, Pasquali said.

Researchers have tried other ways to keep them from aggregating,China Carbon Sheet 120g/㎡, T300 1K, Plain Weave Manufacturers Pasquali said. Functionalizing nanotubes – dressing them with chemicals – can make them less attractive to each other, but it degrades their desirable electrical properties. Combinations of surfactants and sonication have also been tried, but the nanotubes break during sonication, and the surfactant leaves a residue that cannot be washed away, he said.
These methods, combined with various means of mechanical coating, have been used to create nanotube films, but none with the level of quality achieved by the Pasquali lab. The Rice films which are made of nanotubes thousands of times longer than they are wide, remain electrically stable after more than three months, said graduate student and lead author Francesca Mirri.China Carbon Sheet BMS9-8: 3K-135-8H, 380g/㎡, T300 3K, 8H Satin Weave Manufacturers

The nanotubes, literally, had to pass an acid test. “(CSA) is the acid we typically use in our lab, so the first thing we say when we get a new type of carbon nanotubes is, ‘OK, let’s put it in acid and see what happens,’” Mirri said. In previous research, Pasquali’s lab had determined that CSA can dissolve high-quality nanotubes because the acid induces repulsive forces between the tubes that counterbalance the van der Waals force that draws them together.

They used chloroform to coagulate the acid and dry the slides, followed by a wash of diethyl ether. The researchers were surprised to find the chloroform did not disrupt the thin liquid layer. The result was a film several nanometers thick that provided the best tradeoff between transparency and sheet resistance, a measure of conductivity.
Mirri sees nanotube films as a viable alternative to indium tin oxide (ITO), the current standard conductive layer in transparent displays. “Everybody uses ITO for commercial applications, but the problem is it’s a ceramic and really fragile,China Prepreg BMS8-297 Manufacturers” she said. “It’s not good for flexible electronics, and also requires high temperature or vacuum processes to produce; that uses more energy and makes it more expensive.
“Our thin film for something like a cell phone would need very little material — a few micrograms of nanotubes — so it wouldn’t be that expensive, but it would have similar properties in transparency and conductivity to ITO,” she said.

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